Category: Traditional martial arts of tamil nadu

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Traditional martial arts of tamil nadu

We have updated our Privacy and Cookie Policy. If you continue to use our site, you agree to the updated Policies. NationCurrent Affairs. Updated Mar 31,am IST. Photo: DC. At the end of the record-shattering spectacle, the teenagers created a colourful tri-colour and dedicated their unique feat to the country on its 68th year of Independence.

The silambam sticks were flashed in tune with vibrant, stimulating music. The 82 students of Jayam Cultural Centre in Salem have been training rigorously for the last three months to take silambam to the world stage, said their chief mentor, G. From 3. Another set of 45 students performed yogasanas for three hours non-stop to enter the Elite Book of World Records. A dozen archers strung their bows and shot at a 20 metre range target, aiming to create another record.

traditional martial arts of tamil nadu

Tags: tamil naducurrent affairs. Latest From Nation. Aakar Patel: What will the new economy look like post Covid crash? Waqyanavis: So cops looked the other way 'coz Tablighi Jamaat sends them free food? Buying ventilators? It is sheer stupidity, say experts. Download this MIT app to join efforts to trace the coronavirus route map in your area.

traditional martial arts of tamil nadu

India to tighten lockdown restrictions as covid numbers soar. Poor left to fend for themselves: Chidambaram after PM speech on lockdown extension. People stock up hydroxychloroquine, Government asks chemists to stop OTC sale of drug. India lockdown extended, relaxation in regions sans hotspots after April Tamil Nadu has a rich history of art of entertainment. Many forms of group and individual dances with the classical forms for popularity and sheer entertainment value. Some of the dance forms are performed by Tribal people.

This dance is performed inside a temple, around a lamp. The purpose is to worship Lord Krishnaand celebrate his frolics with the gopikas. This is performed during Ramanavami and Gokulashtami. Bharatanatyam is a major genre of Indian classical dance that originated in Tamil Nadu. Bharatanatyam style is noted for its fixed upper torso, legs bent or knees flexed out combined with spectacular footwork, a sophisticated vocabulary of sign language based on gestures of hands, eyes and face muscles.

Puppet shows are held in every village during festivals and fairs. Many different kinds of puppets are used for this show - cloth, wood, leather, etc. They are manipulated through strings or wires. The puppeteers stand behind a screen and the puppets are held in front. The stories enacted in the puppet shows are from Puranasepics and folklore. These shows are very entertaining and hold both adults and children enthralled for many hours.

Eight to ten dancers stand in a circle or parallel lines. The accompanying songs are generally about gods and goddesses. Devarattam [13] is a pure folk dance still preserved.

It was actually performed once a year near the temple. Folklore research scholars have found that Devarattam is a combination of ancient 'muntherkuruvai' and 'pintherkuruvai' of the ancient Tamil Kings. It was performed in front of and at the chariot on the victorious return of the King and his army from battle field. Sometimes even the king and his marshalls would dance on the chariot deck. The soldiers and female dancers would form in lines and dance behind the chariot.

Today, this dance does not have any songs but only danced to the beat of Urumi Melam, Thappu Melam and sometimes, a long flute. The dancers hold a kerchief in each hand and swing them as they dance. The person leading the dance wears false beard and a mask decorated with shells to look like teeth. He dances the first step, which others follow.

This is celebrated to commemorate the puranic event when Manmada the God of Love was burnt to ashes by Siva in anger. The villagers separate themselves into two parties as Erintha katchi and Eriyatha katchi and a heated debate ensues. Kaman and Rathihis consortsare main characters. This dance is performed in temples during Amman festivals or Navaratri festival. The dancers wear ankle-bells and hold anklets or silambu in their hands, which make noise when shaken. They perform various stepping styles jumps.

The dance is in praise of all female deities, the most preferred being the powerful angry goddess - Kali or Durga. Kazhi means stick and games. Sticks one foot length are held in each hand and beaten to make a sharp, rasping sound as the dance proceeds with unique steps, twisting and turning.

It is danced by both men and women, during festivals, auspicious days and weddings. The special qualities of the dance are quickness, alertness, while being careful not to hurt the other dancers by the swinging 'kol'. Earlier, the 'kols' were brightly painted and decorated with brass rings, bells etc.Tamil nadu is known for its ancient cultural heritage. Tamils all over the world ar proud of the culture of Tamil Nadu and take great efforts to safegaurd and practise their cultural traits.

A distinct ethnic group with a history dating back to Sangam era from B. Their literature can be traced to the grammatical treatise 'Tolkaapiyam' written around B.

Tamil Culture and Traditions

Lord Muruga is the chief deity of Tamils and its six abodes are pilgrims centres located in different parts of the state. During the reign of Cholas, Cheras and Pandyas, a number of temples and public utilities like dams and irrigation tanks were built which are still being used after minor renovation.

Send Pongal Cards. Temple architecture showcases the Dravidian style the hallmark of which is towering gopurams temple towers in which statues of gods and goddesses are engraved with a range of filigree works sculpted all over the towering edifice.

In fact the architecture in Meenakshi Amman temple MaduraiBrihadeeswarar temple Thanjavur and in countless others that dot the TN landscape narrates the grand legacy of Tamils who have a cultural history drawing mainly from Hindu scriptures and mythological anecdotes.

While temples are replete with giant marvels in sculptural works and aesthetic carvings, there are monuments like at Mamallapuram seashore resort that just give one a glimpse of the construction ability of Pallava rulers who were known for their seafaring ability and also patronised fine arts and crafts during their reign.

One of the ancient literary treatises Tolkaapiyam written during Sangam era BCE to CE has laid down the grammar of Tamil, the mother of all Dravidian languages, that is compared to Sanskrit of the north, Latin and Greek of the European civilisation. While Thirukkural penned by Tamil savant Thiruvalluvar 1 or 2 Century CE has in pithy sentences given an encyclopaedic formula for ethical living to ancient Tamils, there are a number of classical literature like Silapathikaaram and Manimegalai that have expatiated on the rich traditions of this ethnic community.

In the modern world, Tamil language is considered one of the classical languages of the world, but unlike Sanskrit, Greek or Latin, this lingua franca is thriving with ever expanding usage and addition of words, phrases from other languages.

Some even believe that this dravidian language is older than sanskrit. Eating well-prepared three-course meal is part of the ancient tradition of Tamils.

While food is spicy and is peppered with a number of powdered ingredients to make it nutritious and healthy, Tamils rejoice taking a well-structured menu with vegetables, cereals and a good amount of sambar or kozhumbhu to go with the white, grainy rice. Of course in tiffin items, none can beat the combination of idli, dosa, chutney and vada, all of which typifies as the 'Madrasi food' to the people from north India.

In a way, Tamils pioneered the cultivation of rice as they mastered the art of harvesting paddy crops even during the Sangam era. They lived as a self-sustained community doing other works like spinning, weaving and masonry, among others. Womenfolk are respected in households as they are supposed to bring in wealth in the form of Goddess Lakshmi.

But in very orthodox families, especially Brahmins, a widow is always shunned and deprived of all customary and hereditary rights. With a number of social changes and women attaining financial independence, strict dos and don'ts are fading away and being replaced by libertarian views and progressive attitudes.

In rural Tamil Nadu, there are pockets where female infanticide is still prevalent as villagers think that girl children are a burden to them as they have to fork out huge money during their marriages. If Tamil Nadu is at the forefront of software industry, it is mainly due to the emphasis placed on education in the families here.

Every child is inculcated with the value of education and that too a high ranking degree in a prestigious university if it is foreign, it is much better which will fetch him or her lucrative career to ensure financial luxury and of course, an opulent lifestyle. Even in urban centres, one can note that houses sport colourful kolams at the stroke of dawn in Tamil Nadu and in tamil homes across the globe. Usually, the leading lady of the house ventures out early in the morning to draw kolams which have to be done before the sunrise.

With growing tasks of a wife, where she is sending children to school and getting ready to go to work, house maids are now often left with the task of putting the Kolam.

Veshtis and silk sarees Pattu Saree during festivals are the distinct trademark clothing of Tamil couples. The traditional dress of tamil nadu unmarried girls is the 'Half Saree', which is increasingly used only in festivals as the blouse and long skirt with duppatta has been replaced by the north Indian Salwaar Kameez just as the 'Pavadai' blouse and skirt for little girls is replaced by frocks and trousers and tshirts.

While men have vibhuti along with sandal paste sometimes on their forehead, kum kum or any other bridal decorations to suit the occasions are seen on women's forehead. Tamil Nadu women often adorn themselves with flowers in their hair, the favourite being 'Malli Poo' or jasmine.

traditional martial arts of tamil nadu

Sadly the malli poo also seems to be going out of fashion.Get on Board. One of the advancement in Karate, found by ShihanSaravanan, breaking all barriers in traditional method of following Japanese karate, a live and rejuvenated one with special emphasis on Indian Culture. As one of our most popular offerings, we recommend signing up for this course as early as possible as it tends to fill up quickly.

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Than being a regular technique, it is more practical and emphasis would be given on application-oriented situations. From the traditional way of learning a single martial art style, it focuses on student-specific requirements in our current scenario. Having its origin in Tamil Nadu, we give importance on its traditional application and the advancements. Yoga promotes physical strength because kids learn to use all of their muscles in new ways. Simple postures and concentration techniques are taught in this class that helps develop strength, agility, and coordination.

Sarchanbudo Martial Arts Academy is established and inspired by the vision of our legendary martial artists, who foreseen martial art instead of being mere physical training, a way of reaching spiritual attainment. It makes it disciples to open their minds to overcome the fixed movements and to face another type of Martial arts.

I am the founder of this academy and Martial art style Sarchanbudo. I have started my martial arts life under the guidance of my father and my first guru Teacher Chandhiraier who himself was a traditional Indian wrestler, from my very childhood. I was more inspired by the Legendary Martial artist and actor Bruce Lee. I was working under expert masters in India. I have corporate experience in Management for 6 years. Because it gives one to think beyond worldly possibilities and limitations.

Thereby it makes him unique to guide the mankind. I am searching the true meaning of Martial arts and I found it is not the art of fight alone rather it is the art of revelation.

It is the spirit we are trying to wake up through the proper way of martial arts thereby synchronizing our body, mind and spirit. Martial art is not the art of fighting and winning a fight alone rather it is the art of facing challenges, obstacles and winning life.

It explores within oneself to do the best to himself and to the society.


It is not a mere punches, blocks and kicks, it is the philosophy, ethics, morality and self-revelation. When does a person become a martial artist? Rather he is the one who finds no differentiation between him and the art he practices. It is the part of life. Thereby it gives maturity and perfection in ones action.The culture of the Tamils began almost years ago, and has been ruled by different dynasties which influenced their culture and made it more diverse.

The following is a brief understanding of what comprises the Tamil culture:.

"Silambam Ancient Tamil Skills & Martial Art Crown"_Alchemy Talks Tamilnadu

The Tamilians have always had a deep respect for their culture that has evolved drastically from its origins. The gopurams temple towers have inscribed Hindu legends. Tamil Nadu is also the home of fine arts and crafts of the Pallavas. The cuisine consists of every vital nutrition in every meal.

Traditional Tamil occupations include farming, majorly paddy from the Sangam era. In the same culture, especially in orthodox Brahmin families, widows are banned from all their basic rights and are criticised.

But, as the time has evolved, women are more independent and seen breaking all kinds of sexism and stereotypes. On the dark side, female infanticide still flourishes in rural Tamil Nadu due to a conception that a girl is a financial burden. Traditionally, Kolam is drawn using rice powder so that ants can feed on it but now chalk or chalk powder is predominantly used. There are even poems about Kolam. Here is an example —. Pongal starts usually is on 14th January and lasts for four days.

According to pongalfestival. This also the time where auspicious dates for weddings are believed to begin.

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Ironically, as Tamil Nadu is initially an agricultural community, good harvest means more money can be spent in the family wedding s. On this day people boil milk and rice in earthen pots that are tied around with turmeric plant and they do this outdoors.

There are actually pots that are separately kept in households only for using during this festival. This is an offering to the Sun god. A common feature of the puja, in addition to the offerings, is the kolam, the auspicious design which is traditionally traced in white lime powder before the house in the early morning after bathing.

Mattu Pongal is celebrated by decorating cows with beads, flower garlands and bells.

Ilankai Tamil Sangam

Legend has it that Lord Shiva has sent his bull, Basava to the Earth to inform all the people that they need to have an Oil massage and a bath daily and eat once a month, but Basava has mistaken and announced that humans have to eat daily and have an oil massage once a month. This made Lord Shiva angry and banished Basava into the mortal world and has ordered it to associate with farmers in order to produce more crops by ploughing the field.

Therefore, cattle is an important part of farming even today. On the day of Kaanu, women put out leftover pongal and other food in their backyard on a turmeric leaf accompanied by beetle leaves and beetle nuts in order to request prosperity to the household.

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Notify me of new posts via email.India is a land of diverse culture and ethnicities and so is famous for its martial arts that have developed since ancient times.

Nowadays these art forms are used in rituals, celebrations, in sports, means of physical fitness, as a self defence but earlier it is used for warfare. Many of the Arts are related to dance, Yoga etc. Kalaripayattu Oldest Martial Art in India. Techniques and Aspects of Kalaripayattu: Uzhichil or the massage with Gingli oil, Otta, Maipayattu or body exercises, Puliyankam or sword fight, Verumkai or bare-handed fight etc. Source: www.

Originated: Mizoram, beleived to have its genesis in A. Techniques: Kicks, punches, knee and elbow strikes are the techniques used by this martial art. Study at Home. School Board. Current Affairs. Mock Tests. Top 10 most famous Martial Arts in India India is a land of diverse culture and ethnicities and so is famous for its martial arts that have developed since ancient times.

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By continuing to use our website, you agree to our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy.Martial art style from northern and central part of Kerala, once prevalent in Tulu Nadu region also. Tulunadu is the Tulu-speaking region spread over present Karnataka and Kerala States. The 64 villages were divided into two parts, ie. The region south of this area is less aryanised than northern Kerala.

The training is organised into 4 parts — Meipayat Body conditioning routinesKolthari Skills with different types of SticksAngathari Mostly sharp metal weapons and other classical weapons and Verum Kai unarmed fighting. It also includes Marma Vidya Knowledge of pressure points and Kalari Chikitsa medicine based on Ayurveda and indigenous medical systems. Kalarippayattu has several regional styles. Among them Vatten-thirippu, Arappu-kai and Pilla-thaangi are popularly practiced in the North Malabar regions.

Dronamballi was the Payattu style once practiced in South Kerala which is now extinct. Also popular in Kerala were Tulu-nadan and Mala-nadan payattu styles. Its techniques emphasize lower body strength and speed. Because to the proximity to the southern styles, many methods similar to southern styles have been integrated into the central Kerala styles. It is mainly practiced in the Travancore region of Kerala Former kingdom of Travancore Thiruvithamkoorwhich also include the Kanyakumari district of neighbouring state of Tamil Nadu.

These styles were practiced secretly by certain communities or families within their circle and a notable thing is the absence of classical weapons like spear, combined sword-shield forms etc. These styles are slowly getting assimilated into more popular southern styles for meeting the sports Kalarippayattu inclusion criteria. The styles practiced among the Nadar community of southern Travancore has become the most popular of the Adi Thada styles practiced today.

The southern Travancore area was a strategic region in the ancient and medieval history. The Chera kingdom in the ancient Tamilakam was geographically protected from the rest of Tamil kingdoms by the Western Ghats mountain range. The armies that marched into Chera Kerala region have 3 options: one through the Tulunadu area, next the Palakkad and last being Kanyakumari. This area was once ruled by the Ay kings and then the Cheras, Pandyas and finally the Venad Kings claiming ancestry from the Ay rulers.

The bordering Pandya king and the Cholas marched many times through this region in their invasion of the Cheras.

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So it was the necessity of the local rulers to arm the common people of this area in warfare. The Adi murai curriculum is developed in a way that the practitioners of this prominently empty hand system can quickly be arms with weapons using the same Chuvadus and Adavus.

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The Adavu is an individual set comprising of multiple techniques. Each Adavu can be done with different Chuvadus. The structure, frame and the complexity of the Adavus and Chuvadus evolve as the student progresses. Unarmed, Weapon Vs. Weapon etc. Advanced students are taught the Varma Kalai Art of Vital points and is integrated into all the previously learned techniques.

traditional martial arts of tamil nadu

The weapons training is included into the chuvadus and adavus as a substitution of various body parts. Other weapons are also used such as the maduvu deer hornkathi knifevaal swordstick kali or kajidagger kuttuvalknuckle duster kuttu kataiand whips with several flexible and metallic blades surul pattai.

Some Silambam masters practice the unarmed system called Kuttu Varisai along with the weapons. There are numerous sub-sects in silambam like nagam snakekallapathu thieves tenkidamuttu goat head buttingkuravanchikalyana varisai similar to quarterstaffthulukkanamand so on.


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